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Author

Okoh Chibuike

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Nudist culture, a culture that supports and embraces nudity, in our society today has been on the rise. From women and men who have body dysmorphia to people who have been fat-shamed, this body positivism culture-esque movement preaches one goal, “Love your body!” Even feminists embrace it as part of their movement and rightly so.

Nudist culture also preaches against slut-shaming in an era where slut-shamers are emboldened by the anonymity social media gives them. But like every good ideology, fanatics or rather people who don’t get the movement end up misusing it and a culture that was meant to uplift and enlighten society ends up becoming distasteful, undermining the whole idea, and making it look like a joke.

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Nudist culture dates as far back as the 20th century and was a popular movement in European countries like France and Germany. The first known use of the word naturisme (nudism is also referred to as naturism. Naturisme is French for naturism) occurred in 1778. Jean Baptiste Luc Planchon used the word to mean appreciation of nudity as a means of improving healthy living. The International Naturist Federation (Agde, France, 1974) defined naturism as

“A way of life in harmony with nature characterized by the practice of communal nudity with the intention of encouraging self-respect, respect for others and for the environment”

Wikipedia

Modern-day nudist culture, its advantages and evolution in the computer era

Modern day nudism, while still retaining the basic idea of “old day nudism” has evolved as society at large is becoming more aware. Contemporary naturists feel that social nudity should be asexual and should depend on social, cultural, geographical, and historical factors. While the asexuality of nudist culture can be argued, it is obvious that there are limits to it.

A society that has public nudity where there are minors as taboo has every right to mete out appropriate penalty should one falter. With places like the internet where nudism is accepted and where billions of pictures are viewed in seconds, the line between nudism and fanaticism can be blurred. There are simple rules to understand said line.

  • It can be termed nudism where the distributor of such content abides by the community guidelines and preaches body positivity.
  • Even if such content is sexual in nature and still abides by the guidelines it is not fanaticism, but it is also arguably not nudism.

Parents should also find ways to restrict what their under 18s or appropriate minors watch. Applications that allow parents to restrict certain content should be downloaded, and social media community where nudism is appreciated and people are free to share whatever they want to the public should have appropriate settings to give parents control when their children log on to such communities.

Feminism, a movement whose sole aim is to empower women in a patriarchal society, also preaches nudism strongly. Society has always been critical of women’s bodies expecting them to be perfect. Pictures of sexy models are often splashed all over the front covers of popular magazine brands like playboys leaving some women who think they don’t have the “perfect body” insecure. This imperfect idea of the perfect body has stuck like glue sticks to surfaces, and the struggle to get rid of this idea is one of the purposes of modern-day feminism.

While misinformed people jeer and shout “feminism” whenever they see inappropriate sexual content on the internet that is definitely not what feminism is about let alone nudism, and any abuse of nudism can be easily spotted using the simple idea that if it empowers the “subject”(the person who is nude) and preaches love of body then it is nudism. If it has nothing to do with empowerment or appreciation of the body then it is something else. Recognition of the misuse and abuse of nudism should easily be spotted by an honest, critical analysis.

Understanding genes and homosexuality: is being gay a choice?

To understand whether homosexuality is genetics, we must first understand what genes are? Genes are simply a segment of DNA (Deoxyribonucleic Acid). They are so powerful that they control who we are: our height, the color of our skin, and probably behaviors like who we fall in love with. Identical twins are very good indicators of how powerful genes are. Not only do they look alike, but they have very similar mannerisms, preferences, and habits. This uncanny similarity is not just limited to twins but can be observed among siblings and even parents who share the same characteristic behaviors with their children. So basically we are doing the bidding of our genes and to betray that “bidding” will be betraying our very own nature.

To understand how genes work we first have to understand what they are. Basically, we are just a bunch of cells carefully arranged with cells combining to form corresponding tissues and organs. Almost every cell in our body has 23 pairs of chromosomes in the nucleus. These 23 pairs of chromosomes are made up of materials called histones wrapped around strands of DNA. A short section of that DNA is a “gene”.

These genes contain instructions of basically everything from how and when our cells are formed, to our height, the color of our eyes, to the creation of hormones that are responsible for emotions we feel. It is also good to note that we inherit our genes from our parents. Sperm cells(male gamete) and egg cells(female gamete) undergo meiosis with each gamete containing half the usual number of chromosomes and both gametes later combining to form 23 pairs chromosomes which carry the instructions to “build us” through a process called mitosis. Some times in the process of “copying our genes” mistakes happen. These “mistakes” are called mutation and may produce sickle cells or the 46 chromosomes becoming 47 a condition called trisomy. The point here is to show how powerful genes are and how the process of copying genetics can lead to mutation which has known to be a major recipe for big evolutionary changes.

Remarkably these genes only consist of a small percentage of 3 billion base pairs of DNA. The implication is that a very big chunk of DNA is doing something else other than coding instructions. Why is so much of our genome not being used to code for protein? Projects like the Human Genome Project have begun to unravel the complexity and size of the human genome and hopefully in the future answers to such questions will be known.

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How genes play their part in determining sexuality?

Scientists are still on the verge of properly figuring out which particular genes affect certain expressions, but it is very clear that genes are responsible for our nature. It shouldn’t then be a surprise that genes are responsible for our preference, and even our love choices. Animals have been seen engaging in same sex acts with same sex couples even stealing eggs and looking after them as observed in penguins. It has been estimated that a quarter of black swans pairing are of males. The paired males have been known to steal nests from females and also forming threesomes with females to obtain eggs. Mammals also display homosexual behaviour. Males of the American bison, a bovine mammal, engage in courtship, mounting and full anal penetration.

A new study from Science Magazine analyzed the genetics of same-sex sexual behaviors and found that genetics plays a role, responsible for a third of the influence on homosexuality. The influence does not come from one gene alone, but many genes each contributing small effects, and the rest of the influence coming from the environment. The study analyzed the genetic data of 408,000 men and women from a large British database, the U.K. Bio-bank, who answered extensive health and behavior questions between 2006 and 2010 when they were between the ages of 40 and 69.

The conclusion of the study was that genes are not solely responsible for same-sex behaviors, but the environment has some part to play. There have been fears concerning the study of genes and their linkage to homosexuality, with some LGBTQ activists concerned that anti-gay groups will misconstrue such findings like using the fact that environmental factors are also at play in determining homosexuality. What such groups fail to grasp is that no matter how the environment plays a part, genes also play a part, and who are we if not our genes?

Interesting facts about genetics

  • Some diseases are inherited through genes.
  • Doctors may be able to cure diseases in the future by replacing necessary genes.
  • DNA is a long molecule and there are lots of them in the human body. If you unraveled all the DNA molecules in your body, they would reach the sun and back several times.
  • Some inherited traits are determined by multiple different genes.
  • Genes make up only about 3 percent of your DNA. The rest of your DNA controls the activity of your genes.
  • The word gene wasn’t coined until the 20th century by Danish botanist Wilhelm Johannsen.
  • Genes can disappear as species evolve.
  • Octopuses can edit their own genes.

Digital Love

Humans have never been more dependent on the internet than ever before, with virtually everything being “digitized” even our love lives. This is in contrast to a few years back where you had to meet someone physically and asses them through first impressions, gradually knowing them yourself without having to worry about if they lied on their tinder profile or not.

In the modern era where internet dating is rampant, we get first impressions from a person’s profile. While things may seem to have been easier this just ironically complicates things. The consequences are so grave that you might find yourself waking up in the middle of the night and wondering why the person beside you in bed is so different from what you had imagined.

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Oh Joe

Difference With Time

Kids these days are in some ways unlucky because they are already so exposed than kids were in the past. They grow up even more insecure and less naive.

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Most don’t understand the joy of knowing someone intimately not based on first impressions they get off the internet but that sweet sensation you get in putting down your metaphorical shield and allowing someone to love you gradually like the slow process love should be much like evolution, maybe a little faster.

The Problem

People look to social media to understand and learn how to love from celebrities or influencers. Their eyes and brains are filled with happy pictures of people who seem to be or are really in love. This is in contrast to before where you had to figure things out by checking what works for you and your partner.

Break Up

This causes high expectations which in turn leaders to breakups and infidelities. With words like, “side chick”, “side piece” one can easily see how cheating is normalized. Little wonder why the infidelity rate is high, according to Hernom.com about 40% of unmarried relationships and 25% of marriages see at least one incident of infidelity. An issue of Marriage and Divorce journal also stated that 70% engage in some kind of affair sometime during their marital life.

Things may not be so gloomy after all. People have claimed to find the “right one” through the internet and that number seems to be growing continuously. There may still be hope after all as time gets by we can better navigate and develop a sort of “digital seventh sense” which may be able to digitally filter the persons we meet on the internet just from their online bio data. Thanks for reading my Ted talk.

What atheism is

“Rejection of belief that any deities exist”

Google online dictionary on the meaning of atheism

More often than not Atheism is often confused to be a religion when it is clearly not. With a deity also being defined as a supernatural diving being”. So an atheist can then be seen as one who rejects the belief in any supernatural diving being. The takeaway from this definition is the rejection of belief in a deity.

Atheists are always met with questions like, “What do you believe in then”? or “you must believe in something?” It must be emphasized that one who is uncertain about the existence of a deity is not an atheist, but rather an agnostic.

An atheist strongly belives in light of present evidence that there is no divine deity. An atheist doesn’t rule out the possibility of a creator, but for him/her, if such an entity were to exist it’s highly doubtful for him/her to be supernatural and care about who we have relations with or is even omniscient.

What atheism isn’t

Atheists are not “woke” individuals who are arrogant revel in the fact that a divine deity doesn’t exist. In fact, some atheists would like the idea, but know that thinking such is wishful.

Atheists don’t hate religious people contrary to what some believe. if you encounter such religion hating atheists chances are misguided extremists who present themselves in every faction of society.

Atheism doesn’t mean anti-theism! Anti-theism would be mean atheists are against deities or deity beliving institutions but that is not true. Atheism is simply the rejection of belief in divine deities.

Key differences between atheism and religion

Atheism is proof-based while theism is faith-based

This is the major difference between atheism and theist based institutions. The core of theism is faith and some religious people see every little thing that happens in their life as a sign from their God or gods.

There are multiple instances where religious people mention an encounter or witness the presence of God with ridiculous descriptions. Here are a few instances I saw on twitter. A religious man whose name I will not mention once burnt his food and believed the Lord was speaking to him, and also another twitter user once said she experienced God hugging her in the form of a light breeze which might have been the wind, but we may never know.

In the first instance, an atheist will most like accept the fact that he left his food longer on fire than he should have which meant burnt food and in the second instance, an atheist would have just closed the windows to prevent the wind from hugging her.

Atheists don’t have specific days they meet as most theists institutions do

Some misguided theists actually believe atheists have specific days they meet to worship, probably the devil and that atheism is synonymous with Occultism. This is very far from the truth and it might shock you to know how many people actually believe this. The following statement from a twitter user is a case in point:

Most atheists believe in concrete evidence and therefore believe in a methodical approach through theories and experiments to get their knowledge from or facts. If you live in a cave and still have no idea what the aforementioned methodical approach is it called science and probably called something cleverer in some dimensions or planets millions or billions of galaxies away.

Most atheists are interested in facts and they don’t find satisfaction in the answers that the universe has an author let alone that the author is a supernatural being. If in their search for truth they come across very convincing evidence that suggests that there is such a deity then they would gladly accept.

Theists have a religious figure, books while atheists don’t

While atheism is not synonymous with science most atheists are pointed out earlier believe in evidence and also the use of methodical approaches be science or philosophical reasoning to arrive at conclusions.

There is no one book or figure atheists draw their morality from. That doesn’t mean atheists can’t have role models or books they love.

Conclusion

Atheism is not religion just like not believing in Santa Claus doesn’t make you “A-Santaist”. Most if not all atheists are scientists and philosophers who are very eager to know the truth. They don’t claim to have all the answers.

Theists erroneously point out that if you don’t have all the answers why not latch onto something supernatural, but that would betray their inquisitive nature.

Some scientists and philosophers who can no longer bear the puzzle of the universe any longer often fall back to theism, but hopefully as technology evolves the why and how will be answered.

However way you want to interpret the meaning of atheism, you should do that knowing fully well that atheism is not a religion.