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Egbo Munachi

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What to do after NYSC is probably one of the most difficult self-question a Nigerian youth could ask themselves. All through their lives, they have only had one direct drive “academic success” and suddenly that’s partially over after NYSC. Some youths in Nigeria suffer from post-NYSC depression due to this particular question.

Read Now: Depression from lens of a Nigerian

This question shouldn’t be hard a question to answer if the educational system and government are structured properly. There are lots of courses still offered in Nigeria universities that provides no job opportunity. Some of these courses have been scrapped off in developed countries.

The government makes it even worse by not developing the sectors that would let an average Nigerian youth secure a job within his/her field of study. Chemical engineers, microbiologists, and co end up as bankers(if lucky).

To secure a job within your field of study, you don’t have to be brilliant just having parents with connections and would do the trick. It’s never a level playing field in Nigeria, the corruption, the terrible government but that can’t stop anyone hoping to achieve success after NYSC. You just have to create your own path rather than waiting for one to be made for you.

List of Jobs to start after NYSC

Digital Marketer

In the current world most especially Nigeria where people put out different content on a daily basis. Digital marketers have never been more needed than now. Digital marketer doesn’t mean an influencer rather an individual or corporation(a group of people) using different digital channels to generate leads and brand awareness.

There are lots of job opportunities for digital marketers in Nigeria. Everybody needs awareness for either their brand or business.

Content Creator

Content creator on social media platforms is one of the low-key ways to earn money when done right. Making short entertaining videos with originality and humor that can go viral. It sounds easy but it’s quite the opposite. Consistency is the key to winning fans over and growing your brand.

Companies looking to create awareness either for their brand or a promo would seek you out for the sole purpose of promotion. The amount that can be charged per promotion is determined based on the followers your brand has attained.

Social Media Influencer

Twitter is the most used social network in Nigeria. Wanting to build yourself as a social media influencer in Nigeria then twitter is the right choice. Being a social media influencer on twitter is more than just have 10k followers on twitter.

To be able to represent a brand or even becoming a brand ambassador as a social media influencer on twitter, you would need to aim at building your audience and brand the right way. Be articulate and knowledgeable, it would help to gain followers the right way. Tweet contents that are helpful, significant, and have originality. Be active on and off social media.

Once your followers are above the 10k mark, companies, and brands that know what your brand symbolizes will seek out for promotion or even a position as a brand ambassador.

Graphics Designer

Graphics design is a lucrative self-empowerment job. You need to have at least a beginners level of understanding of the following software:

  • Adobe Illustrator – For creating logos and illustrations.
  • Adobe Photoshop – For editing photos, logos, and more.
  • CorelDraw – For creating logos, posters, and more.
  • Figma – FOr creating app interface and design.
  • Adobe XD – For creating app interface, design, and prototyping.

To be able to earn to the max as a graphics design take out 6 months and learn every skill required. Most graphics designers in Nigeria take up to ₦5,000 – ₦20,000 a day depending on work location.

Web designer/developer

Every business that needs an online presence starts with a website. Gone are the days that required hard coding of HTML and CSS to make a website. There multiple CMS platforms that enable one to build a website without even writing a single line of code.

Learning how to create a website has never been easier than now. Get started on how to create a WordPress website with ₦18,000. Developing skills required for web design will take approximately 6 months. The average asking price for making a website range from ₦35,000 – ₦500,000 depending on the type of website.

Fashion Designer

Fashion is a border word to explaining lots of different aspects. There are lots of talented individuals in Nigeria both male and female that have ventured into fashion and attained success. You don’t necessarily need to have a big brand to make the first step.

Design your outfit, use either yourself or your friend has a model and share the pictures online. Clients will start showing up sooner than later. Make sure you make yourself and your fashion brand as professional as possible in payment, delivery, and customer service to be able to retain buyers.

Online Dropshipping

It’s no secret that online shopping is becoming a frequent option of recent in Nigeria with the growth of technology. On Instagram, Twitter, Facebook, and WhatsApp people are offering different items for sale range from shoes, weavons, clothing, and more.

This offers an avenue to sell different items that you have direct access to or supplier on different social media platforms.

Art sales

Nigerian youths are synonyms to hard-work, creative minds, and mind-blowing real art illustrations. It’s not a secret anymore the world knowns it.

Being able to draw like this 👇 takes real work and development of skill. Having the slightest of any artistic skill, developing it. Put out artworks for clients and be paid a substantial amount of money.

The type of art work to expect from Nigerians.

Catering

Cooking isn’t easy to learn in Nigeria considering there are different tribes and ethnicity. Yet there are those blessed with the ability to cook different types of dishes.

You don’t necessarily need a shop to make a start. Design a food poster on Canva containing different types of dishes that you can deliver, post the poster on a social media platform preferable Twitter. People will make orders, first impression matters in this line of business. As time goes on you would understand your business better and improve in key areas.

Content Writer

Content writing is becoming a necessity for big companies and bloggers in Nigeria. You can write for blogs and earn for as little for ₦5000 per article. Working as a freelance writer on Upwork or Fiverr can pay like $50 per 2,000 worded article.

Blogger

Blogging is quite a slow process at the beginning. It’s not a fast and quick startup like others on this list but if done right it would generate easy and constant income.

Having a successful blog required to research, search engine optimization, creating unique and elaborate content that readers would enjoy.

Monetizing a blog can range from ads to affiliate marketing. The success of a blog is determined by the research done into creating the blog.

Photographer

Being a photographer is more than just photoshop. Photographers are specialists with the camera, using a blend of technical skills and an artistic eye to take pictures of people, places, landscapes, food, and so on.

It’s easy to earn and find work as a photographer on a weekly basis, presenting professional, style and well-detailed photos of the clients assisted work will determine your earnings.

Conclusion

Due to how unstructured the Nigerian government coupled with selfish leaders that govern the national, in truth you can only empower yourself. Creating a path to success is the only to ensure you are at the top.

Everyone would love to have a job in the federal or state sector off Nigeria after their NYSC but the obvious truth is that the possibility of such reality is quite low for the majority of Nigerians.

Picking up a plan early will help in the long run in establish your success as an individual.

Suddenly, there is an unknown post on your WordPress website without your permission, worst of all it appears only on the frontend and can’t be deleted from the backend. This is a nightmare most WordPress users are quite familiar with.

As of the time of writing this article, this a current hack on multiple WordPress websites. I also came across a Reddit user with a similar problem which after helping him I was compelled to write an article for anyone looking for help to remove the unknown post on their WordPress website. In other to solve this mess of a hack you have to understand what lead up to this soft hack on your WordPress website.

Read Now: Increases your WordPress website loading speed by 200%.

The hack

It’s a simple database injection. Due to WordPress dependency on SQL makes it quite easy for hackers to inject codes into the database and gain unauthorized access. This is one of the biggest flaws of WordPress.

These malicious codes are injected through forms, login box, search box literally anything that takes user input. Due to most submissions on a WordPress website ae stored in the SQL database, all the hacker needs is to insert the code in form submission.

With this unauthorized accessto the SQL, post can be inserted or deleted depending on how friendly the hack is.

The solution to remove the unknown post from WordPress and increasing security.

Security

Step 1

Add Depender Plugin by WPMU DEV.
Make sure to change the database prefix from the default “wp”.
Activate limit on login trial.
Change the login URL from /wp-admin/ to another URL of your choice.
Activate the rest of the settings that suit your recommendation.

Step 2

Add Salt Shaker Plugin.
Reset your WordPress salt daily automatically to increase security and reduce vulnerability.

Step 3

Change the login password.

Removing the unknown post on the WordPress Website

Step 1

Head over to the PHPMyAdmin.

Step 2

Find “wp_posts” and click on it.
Note: if you had changed the prefix using the defender plugin it would be the new prefix _posts.

Step 3

Find the injected (unknown) post via post_title. Using the PHPMyAdmin table column post_title, it would be easier to identify.
Once found delete the post.

Conclusion

Due to how vulnerable WordPress, hackers will always find newer ways to gain unauthorized access. Always have a security plugin.

Make sure all other plugins are update and avoid nulled plugins.

For females that are skinny, they usually feel it doesn’t matter what they eat adding weight seems impossible. Having natural fast metabolism and genetics doesn’t soften the burden. Yet there are ways that enable the body to add weight as we will be discussing in this article.

Healthy Low-Calorie Meals

This is one of the most important factors that play a big role when it’s weight gain. In order to add weight, you would need to make a daily calorie goal. This daily calorie goal varies from individuals. Setting this goal would help you understand how much you would need to eat in a day in order to achieve your daily calorie goal.

Read Now: Health benefits of apricots

The goal can be achieved by eating three squared meals (breakfast, lunch, and dinner ) daily. Make sure that the calorie intake are from healthy foods rather than a fatty diet. Get these calories from calorie-dense food such as:

  • Oats.
  • Eggs.
  • Fish.
  • Potatoes.
  • Red Meat.

Not everyone can simply meet their daily requirements by eating. This is where shakes and other liquid intakes such as milk, fruit juice, smoothie, and yogurt comes in play. It’s much easier to drink calories than eat them. With this method, you could easily meet your daily calorie goal.

Read Now: How to maintain a healthy weight.

Consistent Workout

How to add weight for females the healthy way
Workout equipment

Creating a workout routine that is best suited for you is half the job. It’s best to create a workout routine that you can follow with the week. Three or four times a week is appropriate depending on you. There isn’t a specific workout to follow to gain weight. Download a workout app on your phone to help provide suggestions on possible workouts while tracking your records. The aim is to be consistent so that you can yield the result.

Read Now: Leg Press vs. Squat: Which One Is Best Suited to Your Fitness

It’s for you

In recent times, social media has played a bigger role in our lives. People often do things to seek validating from social media. When setting a weight gain goal especially for females, it best to set a realistic goal. Don’t again to gain weight in order be referred to as “thick”.

Read Now: Love in the social media era.

Make sure the sole purpose of your gain weight is actually your choice not based on the influence social media has on you. If it isn’t your choice you might fall into the trap of not being comfortable within your body hence setting your goal at the idea body description fatuated by social media. To put it simply do it for yourself.

Building a WordPress website is quite easy, which is why 30 % of the websites on the internet being powered by WordPress. Having a slow WordPress website is a recipe for disaster. Not only does it make the user experience horrible, but it also has serious damage to the SERPs of the website.

Recent studies by SEO experts have proven that site-loading speed of more than 2 seconds typically results in about 42 percent of visitors bouncing off the website. Knowing that having a fast website is essential for the growth and longevity of the website.

Factors affecting WordPress website loading time

1. Web Hosting Service

Web Hosting service is a company that stores all of your website’s data. You settle a plan and upload images, videos, contents, and more that would be stored on the host server. The hosting company gives you access to the data, manage it, and show it to your visitors.

When deciding on a WordPress host you may not even think of researching into what network they’re using, however, you should. This will have a large impact on your website’s overall performance. Many hosts will leave this out of their advertising as they’ll choose the cheapest network to reduce costs.

2. Theme

One of the biggest factors that affect a WordPress website loading speed is the theme of the website. WordPress themes are usually built with lots of features like sliders, carousels, dynamic content displays, widgets to name a few.

Having lots of these features on a page can cause an increase in the loading time of the website. The best option when choosing a theme for a website is a lightweight theme. Here are a few lightweight themes to choose from:

For more premium lightweight themes visit themeforest.

3. PHP

PHP a.k.a Hypertext Preprocessor is an extensively used open-source scripting language that is suited for web development and can be embedded into HTML.

The majority of WordPress scripts are written in Hypertext Preprocessor, along with your plugins and themes. Make sure your web hosting service provides you with PHP version 7 upwards else look for another hosting service. The higher the PHP version, the more requests that can be handled per second.

4. Caching

To understand what caching is as a process we must first understand how a web server works. When a visitor accesses a URL on your website, it sends a request to the webserver which processes the request and displays a webpage for the visitor.

Caching is the easiest way to reduce the loading speed of a WordPress website. Caching sends requests to the webserver and saves these requests on the RAM/disk, basically making it easier and faster to display as a webpage when next a visitor sends a request.

5. Overload Plugins

Plugins are quite nice, get the job done easily without the stress of coding, hence everyone can build a website. Yet you are advised that having much of it on your WordPress website often slows down the website.

Read Now: 65 WordPress Plugins that slow down websites from High CPU

The biggest problem most developers have with plugins is that the standard uninstallation doesn’t remove all the data stored in the database. Over time these stored data on the website database would eventually result in slowing down the website.

A well-developed plugin would have an option in the plugin settings suggesting deleting of all data if uninstalled. For some under-developed plugins, you would need to do a google search to find out the proper way to uninstall the plugin completely.

How to check your WordPress website loading time

Testing the loading speed of your WordPress is the first step in solving the problem. What to check during the test:

  • The number of requests.
  • Page size generated.
  • Caching.
  • Obviously, the loading time.

The homepage (http://YOURDOMAIN.COM) of the website is used as the benchmark during the test. In order to test the speed of the website, the following websites provide the free tools for such:

Using Gtmetrix

Go the Gtmetrix and type in your website domain name.

Check with theloading speed
Type in the domain and click on analyze

Within seconds the result would out, which is quite self-explanatary and easy to comprehend.

The result from the test checking the WordPress website speed
The test result

Step by step guide on speed up a WordPress website

1. CDN (Cloudfare)

Those that visit your website belong to numerous locations within the globe, and needless to say, the website online-loading pace will fluctuate if the site visitors are placed some distance faraway from which your website is hosted.

CDN stands for content delivery network. A content delivery network is a system of distributed servers (network) that deliver pages and web contents ( images, CSS, JavaScript, and video) to a user, based on the geographic locations of the user, the origin of the webpage and the content delivery server.

Cloudfare offers free CDN but with limited services. Their cheapest monthly package is $20. The free service they offer is enough for a personal blog or a small enterprise website.

Steps in setting up a Cloudfare CDN

Step1: Create an account

Creating a cloudfare account
Creating a cloudfare account

Step2: Add the domain name of the website

Add the domain of your WordPress website
Add the domain of the website

Step3: Change the nameserver of the domain to Cloudfare nameserver

Nameserver
Replace the nameserver of your website with cloudfare nameservers

Step 4: Cloudfare will automatic optimize your website.

Reduction in load time of the WordPress website
Cloudfare informs of the reduction of the load time of your website

Step5: Additional settings for more optimization

Switch on Brotli compression
Rocket loader
Switch on Rocket Loader

2. Image Optimization

To run a successful website, image optimization is a must. Images are the major contributors to the size of a given webpage. The trick is to reduce the size of the images without compromising on the quality. Normally on WordPress websites, this process is done automatically with the aid of plugins.

One of the best plugin for image optimization that’s totally free not freemium nor premium, just free is Robin Image optimizer. There are usually three options when it comes to image optimization.

Image optimization settings for WordPress websites
  • Lossless: This mode provides lossless compression and your images will be optimized without visible changes. If you want an ideal image quality.
  • Lossy: This mode provides an ideal optimization of your images without significant quality loss. The file size will be reduced approximately 5 times with a slight decrease in image quality, we recommend this mode.
  • Hard: This mode will use all available optimization methods for maximum image compression. The file size will be reduced approximately 7 times. The quality of some images may deteriorate slightly.

For more image optimzation let’s introduce Webp

Webp is an image format employing both lossy and lossless compression. It’s not accessible by all browsers but with verse majority of the internet uses using Chrome browser this would reduce the image size and enable for even faster loading time. To convert your images to Webp use WebP Converter.

3. Caching, Lazy loader and Minify

Selecting a Caching plugin

We previously explained what caching means and how it helps accelerate the loading time of a website. There are lots of plugins that can add this feature to your WordPress website. Here are a few recommended plugins:

Lazy loader /Minify

LazyLoad is a lightweight and flexible script that speeds up your web application by deferring the loading of your below-the-fold images, gifs, and videos. In other words, the webpage loads faster but display the images later on as the user scrolls down the page.

The option for this setting are usually available within the caching plugin media section.

Minify CSS/JS is just as the name sounds, the reduction of the size of the CSS/ JS script file. This is done by the removal of white spaces, comments in between the codes in CSS/ JS files to reduce the size. Most caching plugins have this within the settings.

Conclusion

We have discussed the factors that affect a website loading speed. We also covered how to test a website loading speed, last but not the least how to reduce a website loading time.

One of the biggest advantages of having a fast loading website is the user experience it gives your visitors. It equal increases the website SERPs ranking dramatically on google.

Knowing how to build a website could be regarded as an essential skill to have. As a Nigerian having the knowledge and understanding of how to build a website is advantageous. Here are a few benefits:

  • Save a lot of money on hiring web designers/ developers.
  • Creating a website to have an advantage and reach a wider range than your business competitors.
  • Being able to keep your website up to date and follow the latest trends without needing a programmer.
  • Adds an advantage to your CV when looking for a job.
  • Creates a much-needed job opportunity by working as a freelancer.

The opportunities are limitless but the first step to take is to learn how to make a WordPress website either for business or project.

According to Venturebeat, WordPress powers 30% of the websites on the internet. WordPress is always updated with lots of developers working on improving and enhancing the user’s experience.

One of the reasons WordPress is widely used is because of the no coding required it offers. You could build and host a website for just ₦19,000.

The plan to arc a Website

Step by step guide on the necessary process required to build a WordPress website at the cheapest price possible.

By the end, you’ll end up with a functional and elegant website and also acquire the knowledge to build a website either for a client or for a business of yours.

Step 1: Choosing a domain name and hosting

This is the first step in making a website and it is the fun part. You have total freedom to choose any name for the website out of millions of other names.

Still, there are some important factors to note while choosing a domain name in order to achieve a successful website.

Read Now: 5 best social media platforms to promote your blog

Stay original

It’s the most important when choosing the website domain name. The domain name should be constructed around the meaning, name or phrase associated with the business.

Make the domain name brandable but not too long, easy to remember to avoid users typing in a typo while trying to access the website.

Summary of choosing a domain

  • Short domain name.
  • Easy to remember domain.
  • Unique and symbolizes the business.

If you are confused about what domain name to choose, there are a few domain name generators to try to give an idea.

I. Buying a domain and web hosting

Web hosting isn’t as complicated as often people think it is. Imagine a computer(webserver) in which you store your website information and files whenever a visitor calls upon a particular file via domain name (URL access) the webserver presents the file to the visitor that’s web hosting a nutshell.

Read Now: How To Choose A Web Host For Your Website

There are a lot of companies offering web hosting services, with extremely competitive offers. I would strongly recommend Hostinger as one of the best web hosting services.

I’m affiliated with the company but as a customer of theirs, I would recommend their services and here is why:

  • 24/7 customer service: Anything you running into a problem building or managing your website, their customer services are always online ready to assign to resolve the issue.
  • Very cheap for as low as ( ₦ 360/month).
  • Free domain name.
  • User friendly.
  • Light speed server.
  • Free backup for the lowest budget.
  • Free business email.

Okay, let’s get down to business:

  • Go the Hostlinger, set a plan for the website and add to cart.
  • Select a free domain in the payment section.
  • Installation and configuration of the Hostlinger and WordPress.
  • Finalizing.
Let's begin

Go the Hostinger and click on shared hosting, once the page opens up.

The single shared hosting plan is for small businesses, personal blogs and more. It’s the best plan to use to learn how to make a WordPress website.

For a basic website or small business website, this plan would be enough.

Premium shared hosting is for freelancer web designers, online stores and big companies.

Business shared hosting is for big cooperate companies.

Web Hosting
Hosting plans

Below is the payment section you would see form below, type in the domain name of your choice.

Free Domain
Grab free domain
Gotten free domain
The free domain secured

The next step is to sign in or create an account. Once you have created an account, sign in and proceed with payment. All Nigerian bank cards are accepted.

After payment, you would be required to filling some personal information that will be bound to the domain and hosting IP address.

II. Installation of WordPress on the web hosting server

Head over to the dashboard of your account and click on the manage button on the web hosting.

Dashboard
The dashboard

Don’t be intimated by the lots of icons scroll down to the auto installer and click on it.

Autoinstaller
Auto installer

Then click on WordPress.

Select WordPress
Select WordPress

Fill in the necessary information required for the WordPress installation.

Installation of WordPress
Fill in the form to complete the installation process.

Within two minutes the installation would be completed. Yes! you have officially built a WordPress website but there is still work to be done.

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Step 2: Understanding WordPress and its functionalities

Visit http://yourdomain.com/wp-admin to access the backend of your website. Login in with credentials used in setting up the WordPress installation.

Wordpress Admin
WordPress Admin

I. Basic setups

Setting the permalinks

Permalink is basically how your website URL would be structured. The most common practice according to SEO experts for better optimization and ranking on Google is Post name.

Click on settings then permalinks (Settings-> Permalinks) and change it to Post name, then save.

Permalink
Setting the permalinks

Setting the visibility

To be able to be indexed by Google and appear in search queries on Google, you would need to make your website visible.

Go the Settings-> Reading and uncheck discourage search engines.

Note: When building a website it’s better to leave the box checked until the build has been built completely for google to index the website properly.

Search appearance
Setting the visibility

Setting the website title and tagline

The website title would be displayed in pages, posts and SEO descriptions. It’s would be used for bookmarks and more. Think carefully about what the website represents and select a title.

Taglines are usually phrases associated with the supposed website(brand or business).

Go to Settings-> General and write the website title and tagline of the website.

Website title and tagline
Setting the website title and tagline

Setting the time zone

Go to Settings -> General and scroll down to zone. Set the time zone to Lagos which is Nigeria and set the time format that is best suitable for you and your audience.

Time Zone
Setting the time zone

Step 3: Designing the website

Remember when we said choosing the domain is the fun part, well lied. Choosing a theme for your WordPress website is the fun part.

There are multiple themes to choose from and with the click of a button change the entire look of the website.

WordPress offers a lot of free themes with superb features. There are other websites (themeisle or themeforest) that offer premium themes for a certain fee.

If you can’t afford premium themes visit allwpworld or downloadthemes and download the premium themes for trial, not for commercial use.

I. Checklist for selecting a theme

  • Make sure the theme is lightweight (Nobody likes a show website).
  • Make sure it’s unique (You don’t your website looking like a replicate of another website).
  • Suited for the job (Choose a theme that best fit the business/ organization)

II. Installation

There are two ways to install themes in WordPress. If you download a theme from outside, the file would be in a zip file. Go to Appearance -> Themes and click on Add new.

Add New
Click on Add new

Click on the Upload theme button and choose the zip file of the downloaded theme and install it.

Upload theme
Install the downloaded them

Can install themes directly from the official WordPress directory. Go to Appearance -> Themes and click on Add new. Search for the name of the theme and preview it to get an insight into how the website looks before proceeding with the installation.

Seach and preview before installation.

Step4: Customization of the website

Different themes affect the options that would be available in the customization tab. There are a few mandatory options that are always available for customization.

I. Site identity

Customization of the favicon of the website is important. It’s usually the icons that appear on the browsers tab and mobile search SERP. The favicon size is 144px by 144px Google recommended image size.

Site identity

II. Homepage setting

Selecting a static page nor a post page could make or break your website. If it’s a blogged based website then the Post page is a better option.

If the website is to be designed for a business purpose the homepage setting should be Static page to be able to engage the audience quickly.

Homepage settings
Set the homepage

III. Color and Typography

In here lies the settings for the customization of the general colors that would be displayed throughout the website. Customizing the font, text size, and headers are also available. Free few the explore and get a feel for how the website could look like.

Colors and Typography
Customize the color and typography of the website

Step5: Adding essential plugins to power your website

Plugins simply help added more features to power and make websites easier to manage without having any knowledge of coding. Due to WordPress’s popularity, one could argue there is a plugin for every feature you plan on adding on to a website.

However, here are the essential plugins to add to your WordPress website:

  • Robin image optimize: optimize images on your website with loss of quality. It’s essential the images on a website are optimized to enhance user experience. It equally helps load web pages faster.
  • WebP Converter for Media: converting images to Webp helps load a website much faster for browsers that allows Webp images.
  • Contact 7 form: adding forms to your website is one of the best ways to allow the visitors of your website to reach out. With contact 7 form it makes the process seamless.
  • Wordfence security: Afraid of hackers? With this plugin, rest assured that your website security is secured and would be informed via email for any unauthorized activity on your website in real-time.
  • Yoast: an essential plugin for search engine optimization.

No need for any backup plugin when hosting with Hostlinger you are automatic backup up every three days with the single shared hosting.

Step 6: Basic pages to create

There are pages that all websites should have. These pages are:

Contact us – Where visitors can submit a form and get information that could help them contact you.

About us – Self-explanatory page that displays information about the aim, the purpose of the website.

Home – Usually called the landing page. It’s the first page a visitor would see when the website domain is accessed from a browser.

Privacy Policy – Usually generated automatically by WordPress. It’s a must-have in today’s world.

I. Creating a page

Click on Pages and Add New

Get familiarized with the interface.

  • Title.
  • Body.
  • Featured image.
  • Publish button.
Creating a page
Creating a page

II. Add Blog functionalities

If you are an influencer, content products or an inspiring blogger in Nigeria, it crucial that your website has a blog.

Blogs can be used to promote content, products, and brands. Managing a blog is straightforward, publish articles related to the content, products, and brand that you are trying to promote.

Creating a blog is similar like create a page.

Start by clicking on Pages and click on Add New.

Create a new page, name it BLOG.

Head over to Settings -> Reading and select the BLOG page as the Post page.

The success of every blog is based on consistent writing and publishing relative articles.

Conclusion

Yes! You have successfully learnt how to build a WordPress website.

You can now build a website from the ground up without needing to hire anyone.

With just ₦ 19,000 you can build a website, which takes 4 years before the next renewal which is quite cheap. Develop the skills you have acquired and you could be on a path to being a freelance web designer in Nigeria.

Viewing happiness as a Nigerian

I did some surveys on twitter to understand how most Nigerians view happiness. I came to a few conclusions.

Nigerians mostly view happiness as social status, reaching a certain place in life, having a lot of money if not more, being able to afford anything and the list keeps ongoing.

A few questions people had difficulty or inconclusive answers to were as follows:

Can you be happy all the time?

Let’s say you attain the social status you craved, now what?

Can money buy happiness?

What does happiness mean to you?

Before we go into the details explaining what happiness is, let look at what isn’t happiness for a better understanding.

“Happiness is like butterfly; the more you chase it, the more it will elude you, but if you turn your attention to other things, it will come and sit softly on your shoulder”

Henry david thoreau

Happy isn’t a state of mind

It’s believed that every individual has a level of happiness. Psychologists refer to it as a set-point theory of happiness. It varies for each individual based on the environment that they grew up and the life experiences they have had so far in life.

Most at times when you receive a salary alert/twitter giveaway alert, news of your loved one putting to bed, gift and so on, you would feel a level of increase in your current state of happiness. After some period of time, it returns back to it’s set point.

Equally the same when you received news of losing a loved one, your level of happiness decreased, creating a sad feeling. After a certain period, it returns back to it’s set point.

Read Now: Love in the era of social media

Does more money mean happiness?

“Happiness is not in the mere possession of money; it lies in the joy of achievement, in the thrill of creative effort.”

Franklin D. Roosevelt

During my survey on twitter, most Nigerians if not all agreed that money is their source of happiness. A lot of Nigerian live below the poverty line which makes it hard to be happy.

For freelancers and entrepreneurs, the process of earning money gives them happiness rather than the money itself.

According to thriveglobal.com, researchers found that having more money directly increases life satisfaction. Nevertheless, after a certain period of time, the impact it has on happiness diminishes. And those with little money felt happier with increased earning.

Yet, money is needed to maintain the level of happiness(set point theory of happiness) or to keep it afloat.

What does happiness mean to you?

“Happiness is being contented with what you have, living in freedom and liberty, having a good family life, and good friends.”

Divyanka Tripathi

In Nigeria, people live with lots of expectations, either from people or themselves. Life isn’t a destination but rather a day to day journey.

Carrying a lot in the heart weights down your happiness and can disrupt chemical imbalance which could lead to depression.

Happiness is the ability to overcome negative emotions, seeing positive in the worst scenario. The ability to connect and affect others positively. A sense of well-being, joy, or contentment.

Your happiness simply means how contented you are with your life, how you interact with your family and friends. How you allow your day to day affects you.

Possible solutions to fix  warning: mysqli_real_connect(): (HY000/2002): Connection refused in /var/www/wordpress/wp-includes/wp-db.php

This error (mysqli_real_connect(): (HY000/2002) occurs often when updating major plugins on a WordPress website that uses WP CLI to operate on the site’s database. I did a lot of research on this error to get the best possible solutions just in case someone else comes across this same error.

Here are the three possible solutions:

Solution 1

  • Check to make sure the PHP version installed is up to PHP version 7.
  • Review the wp-config for miss-configuration.
  • Check the MySQL / database start, whether it’s running or not.
  sudo service mysql status
  • If the MYSQL / MariaDB status shows ” Failed to start mysqld.service: Unit not found “, then you need to start up the database again.
 systemctl start mariadb

After which, you restart the WordPress website on your browser, the sites should be back up.

Solution 2

  • Head over to your wp-config.php file.
  • Try using the local server rather than the “localhost”. That means changing “localhost” to “127.0.0.1” at wp-config.php

Refresh the WordPress website after restarting the database, the website should be back online

Visit: The Emotional Computer for computer repairs and services.

Solution 3

If you are using a VPS, chances are that you are running out of memory that’s why this error keeps up showing up.

You should optimize the database of the WordPress website on the VPS using MySQLtuner.

Step 1

Install MySQLtuner

sudo apt-get install mysqltuner

Step 2

Run MySQLtuner

mysqltuner

Step 3

Input the login credencials

login:
password:

Step 4

Below is sample analytics.

Your MySQL analysis would be different.

[OK] Thread cache hit rate: 99% (539 created / 68K connections)
[OK] Table cache hit rate: 69% (274 open / 397 opened)
[OK] Open file limit used: 1% (59/4K)
[OK] Table locks acquired immediately: 100% (4M immediate / 4M locks)
-------- Performance schema -------------
[--] Performance schema is disabled.
-------- ThreadPool Metrics -------------
[--] ThreadPool stat is enabled.
[--] Thread Pool Size: 1 thread(s).
[--] Using default value is good enough for your version 
(10.1.44-MariaDB-0+deb9u1)
-------- MyISAM Metrics -----------------
[!!] Key buffer used: 18.3% (3M used / 16M cache)
[OK] Key buffer size / total MyISAM indexes: 16.0M/123.0K
[!!] Read Key buffer hit rate: 90.0% (20 cached / 2 reads)
-------- AriaDB Metrics -----------------
[--] AriaDB is enabled.
[OK] Aria pagecache size / total Aria indexes: 128.0M/1B
[!!] Aria pagecache hit rate: 86.2% (982K cached / 135K reads)
-------- InnoDB Metrics ------------------
[--] InnoDB is enabled.
[OK] InnoDB buffer pool / data size: 128.0M/53.7M
[!!] InnoDB buffer pool <= 1G and innodb_buffer_pool_instances(!=1).
[--] InnoDB Buffer Pool Chunk Size not used or defined in your version
[OK] InnoDB Read buffer efficiency: 100.00% 
(220631287 hits/ 220633521 total)
[!!] InnoDB Write Log efficiency: 71.98% (1777130 hits/ 2468813 total)
[OK] InnoDB log waits: 0.00% (0 waits / 691683 writes)
-------- TokuDB Metrics ----------------
[--] TokuDB is disabled.
-------- Galera Metrics ---------------
[--] Galera is disabled.
-------- Replication Metrics ----------
[--] Galera Synchronous replication: NO
[--] No replication slave(s) for this server.
[--] This is a standalone server.
-------- Recommendations -------------
General recommendations:
Configure your accounts with ip or subnets only, 
then update your configuration with skip-name-resolve=1
When making adjustments, 
make tmp_table_size/max_heap_table_size equal
Reduce your SELECT DISTINCT queries which have no LIMIT clause
Variables to adjust:
query_cache_size (> 16M)
tmp_table_size (> 16M)
max_heap_table_size (> 16M)
innodb_buffer_pool_instances (=1)

Step 5

From the MySQLtuner analysis, you would need to adjust the MySQL config file(https://naijatochinco.site/etc/mysql/my.cnf) according to the recommendation provided by MySQL tuner.

Restart MySQL server after you have made the necessary changes to MySQL config file

systemctl restart mariadb

Hopefully, these solutions are able to provide help and insight to anyone having a similar problem.

Understanding “feminism” in Nigeria

Feminism/feminists are two of the most commonly used word in Nigeria’s social media platforms since 2010 according to Google trends. Most people have few to little understanding of what feminism actually means due to how frequently it’s often misused in Nigeria.

Some Nigerians view it as a stand against men due to how often the words are associate with “hate men” analogy. Some Nigerians criticize feminism/ feminist from a religious standpoint. Does beg the question of what is feminism actually?

What does feminism mean to you?

Feminism can be defined in simple terms as the fight for all people equality not just “women”. People should not be excluded based on their sex, race, tribe, religion, social standing, and sexual preference. Feminism is more than just gender equality.

Read Now: Understanding the LGBTQ+ community

That’s is the true meaning of feminism, but often on social media platforms, people use feminism to represent the wrong image which creates a horrible look for what feminism actually stands for.

Misandry is the hatred of, contempt for, or prejudice against or boys in general

Wikipedia

When next you come across people associating themselves with the terms feminist. Yet only talks about their hatred towards men, they don’t represent feminism rather misandry.

Read Now: Speaking Up Against Sexual Harassment

Nudity & Feminism, What’s the connection?

Feminism means equality, not nudity, yet feminism stands with liberation. Over the years women have been subjected to what to wear, how to sit, and how to walk to mention quite a few.

In recent times more women can dress as they see fit without being subjected to the slut slender.

Read Now: Nudism culture: Feminism or Extremism?

Often people argue that male and female nudity isn’t the same. In truth, yes they are not the same, women have been covering their bodies in all religions and traditions over the years.

If women began to cover their eyes, after a long period of time, covering eyes would be the same as covering boobs. Her body, her choice!

The notion of feminism is against tradition/ religion?

Feminism isn’t against tradition nor religion. If the tradition in question is against gender equality then such tradition should be changed or scraped away because the world has moved passed those archaic ways.

Feminism is all about togetherness, peace, and one love. The notion that feminism is against religion is guff.

Read Now: Love in the social media era.

Conclusion

If you believe in one love, togetherness, peace, equality for all then you are already a feminist.

You should speak up because your voice means liberation not just for women but for discriminations based on religion, gender, tribe, social standing, and social orientation.

Being an entrepreneur isn’t for everyone, neither is being an employee. In Nigeria, people often argue which is better, an employee’s life, or an entrepreneur’s life. Entrepreneurs are seen as hustlers, free, risk-takers that have control over how much they earn and how their time is being spent.

They can engage in multiple businesses that act as the source of income increasing they are potential earning drastically. With experience and knowledge, they acquire developing businesses, achieving success which is their ultimate goal.

Read Now: How to be a successful entrepreneur in Nigeria.

In Nigeria’s reality, many entrepreneurs fail. There are lots of factors to consider as an entrepreneur in Nigeria. An entrepreneur in Nigeria doesn’t have a guaranteed salary or work security an employee has.

Most times, entrepreneurs don’t have a team of colleagues to fail back on or depend on, an alert to receive at the end of the month, allowance, office car, and career progression due to years of service.

The process of registering a company in Nigeria, the tax return, the failure, and business mishaps. The life of an entrepreneur isn’t as shinny as most motivational speakers in Nigeria make it seem.

There is a popular Igbo saying “If you tell a poor man what it takes to be rich, he would reply let him remain poor”. With proper planning and madcap ideas led by confidence and ambition, being a successful entrepreneur in Nigeria can be achieved.

Read Now: How to use digital marketing to improve your business.

With technology moving at a rapid pace, more opportunities are been presented to succeed in Nigeria as an entrepreneur.

Merits of being an entrepreneur in Nigeria

No salary cap

That’s what’s good about being an entrepreneur, your earning don’t have any salary cap. From my own personal perspective, I know a friend that’s a graphics designer that works as a freelancer and walks home with ₦10,000 on a bad day and ₦17,000 on a good day, do the maths with a calculator and it’s jaw-dropping.

Flexible Schedule

Part of the perks of being an entrepreneur is the flexibility of your time. When the business grows, you can equally employ people, sit back and observe.

Control

You are the boss. Free to make professional decisions, direct employees on how they can help the company achieve more.

Demerits of being an entrepreneur in Nigeria

Stress

Being the boss is cool and all but with no guaranteed income, no colleague for support. It can quickly turn into a lonely and stressful place. Mishaps are banned to happen and not all entrepreneurs have a business safety plan.

Startup time

Most businesses in Nigeria need a lot of hours at the being of the startup, due to different factors. If you are starting a business that has lots of competitors, lots of working time is the only way of building a solid reputation and customer base.

Risk

The best factor in Nigeria for entrepreneurs. The government doesn’t provide or aid small businesses trying to create empowerment. No available loan that’s below 10% interest for small business in Nigeria.

The risk of debt, the risk of failing, the risk of others witnessing your failure and risk of mental health, being an entrepreneur in Nigeria isn’t for the light-hearted.

Merits of being an employee in Nigeria

Alert

It comes always at the exact time, it’s needed the most. It’s financial security for most Nigerians. It even gets better when you are working for the state or federal government due to petition.

Most Nigerian banks are more engage to award loans to salary earners than entrepreneurs to the financial security monthly salary comes within Nigeria.

Less Responsibility

You are often assigned a particular role to perform a specific task. No need to be considered with mother tasks that weren’t assigned to you. You would receive your salary for completing only the task given to you.

Career Progression

Over years of services to a particular company, promotions are banned to occur, so does salary increase. It’s a system that awards employees for their years of services.

Demerits of being an employee in Nigeria

Limited income

Limited income puts a constraint on your life. Bonuses and allowances can only do some much but even those are capped.

No passion

Over the years of working as an employee, you are banned to lose your passion, the spark in you. It naturally occurs that you won’t know at what point you lost your passion.

Job Security

Once every year, we get the news of an outrageous number of people in Nigeria that lost their jobs at the banks. Jobs are never guaranteed for life and employers can often sack employees without giving a solid reason.

Conclusion

Nigeria is a country where nothing is a given, not your job, not your housing, not your welfare absolutely nothing.

If you are an entrepreneur, have a safety plan in place for an emergency and invest wisely, if you are an employee try to open a small business, look for means to earn additional income each money.

Online Shopping growth in Nigeria

It’s no secret that online shopping has started gaining ground in Nigeria, with people selling different products like sneakers, clothes, shoes, and more on different online platforms such as Instagram, WhatsApp, Twitter, Jumia and the list goes on.

Most of these products that are being showcased on these platforms are often fashion products. But the biggest problem with buying online from unverified sources is being a victim of online fraud which is quite common.

We did some research and compiled a list of the best online stores specifically for shopping for clothes in Nigeria, where you can shop with an assurance of quality and good customer services.

Note: We are not affiliated with these websites, this list was compiled from “Best of” lists published by the most trusted sources, reviews and google recommendation.

The5kShop

Affordable clothing and accessories for women. Decent value for money.

Price Range: Low.
Latest Trends: High.
Website Usability: Easy to navigate.
The best thing about the site: Everything is below ₦5,000.

Besaz boutique

Besaz boutique has great going-out clothes in the latest trends.

Price Range: Medium.
Latest Trends: High.
Website Usability: Fairly easy to navigate.
The best thing about the site: They have a section for the plus size and they can ship to Ghana and the US.

Chincotonaija Online Shop

Chincotonaija is surprisingly good for getting cheap clothes but can equally be viewed as a wholesale store.

Price Range: Low.
Latest Trends: High.
Website Usability: Easy.
The best thing about the site: They have a loyalty system that rewards the customer for buying.

Obeezi

Obeezi has men’s clothes as well as women’s clothes in their online shopping platforms. They have different fashion accessories ranging from wristwatches to men’s purses. It’s really a shop for all. Available as a mobile app for ios and android.

Price Range: Medium-High.
Latest Trends: Medium.
Website Usability: Simple, clean and clear website layout.
The best thing about the site: Plenty of offers and sales on the website.

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Find Original Clothes with going out of your comfort zone.

Shopping online can help you find quality and different clothes than in the market. What to know about different online shopping sites and the kinds of clothes they sell?

We’ve all been there. You spend time at the local market looking for original right cloth for an event, only to wear that dress out to the venue and wind up matching with your someone else, then calling “sis”.

Having the same clothes as a lot of other people is bound to happen, as most sellers in the market have the stock, and import similar products, if not exact, products. A great way to avoid buying similar stuff to everyone and finding different items is by shopping online.

Next time you feel you need some new clothes, shoes or bag, just think of the style you’re looking for. There is a site with the relevant clothes is out there!

Class and High-Quality

For classic and elegant clothes, there are sites like Chincotonaija and the5kShop. Chincotonaija is a new online, which ships directly from China, they sell designer clothes, shoes, bags, and accessories. It has all sorts of different styles of clothes on the site from Chinese designers. From classic purses and retro sneakers to designer dresses, although it’s mostly for wholesale with a few for retail purchase.

The5kShop is the true embodiment of online shopping in Nigeria, just as the name suggests everything in the store is no more than ₦5,000. They have different clothes from different designers but from Nigeria and overseas. They sell most female dresses with elegant style and design.

Obeezi is filled with lots of discounts offer for their products. Their wristwatches and men’s shoes can’t be matched in quality by any other store.